Miskawaan Integrative Cancer Care

Cervical Cancer

Although cervical cancer used to be one of the most dangerous types of cancer for women, its prognosis is far more optimistic today.

Cervical Cancer


The majority of cervical cancer cases originate in what’s referred to as the ‘transformation zone’. This is where the vagina ends and the cervix begins.

Nine out of 10 cases are considered squamous cell carcinomas and involve cells at the outer edges of the cervix. Most of the remaining diagnoses are adenocarcinomas, which begin further inside the cervix.

Regular screening can catch pre-cancerous developments and prevent the spread of cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer Statistics

Over the past few decades, researchers made several discoveries about the nature of cervical cancer. Some of the most important things to know include:
  • Over 70% of cervical cancer diagnoses are caused by HPV
  • 80% of cases are women younger than 65
  • Cervical cancer makes up 12% of all cancer diagnoses among women

Cervical Cancer Causes

Although human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for the vast majority of cases, there are other risk factors that need to be avoided. The top causes of cervical cancer include:
  • HPV
  • Smoking
  • A mother who took diethylstilbestrol before you were born

Cervical Cancer Symptoms

Women rarely notice any symptoms until the cancer has progressed to later stages. However, any of these abnormalities could indicate an issue:
  • Vaginal bleeding (after sex, outside of normal menstrual cycle, after menopause)
  • Back or pelvic pain
  • Urinary or bowel incontinence

Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

The first indication of cervical cancer is after an HPV or a Pap test. The results of these tests will determine whether or not further diagnostics are necessary. 

If more testing is needed, a biopsy will be taken of any irregular tissue. In advanced cases, an x-ray or CT scan may be needed to see how far the cancer has spread.

Cervical Cancer Treatment

Treatment options for cervical cancer are significantly better today than just 15 years ago. Cases that are caught early can be taken care of with surgery and local anaesthesia. 

Extreme cases require extensive surgery and radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Regardless of how much the cancer has grown, overall immune and physical health must be a top priority.

Choose the treatment plan that gives you a say

Miskawaan cancer specialists work with you to create a program that focuses on overall health and wellness.

Speak to a cancer care specialist