Miskawaan Integrative Cancer Care

Prostate Cancer Causes and Risk Factors

Every day in America, 5,200 people report having cancer. As a result, an average of 1,670 deaths is recorded.

This year alone, approximately 248,530 new prostate cancer cases have been reported, with a recent death toll standing at 34,130.

And the trend is on the rise. 

Fortunately, 85% of men are diagnosed at the onset stages of the disease and are successfully treated. 

You can choose to be one of them.

Prostate Cancer can be a serious disease, but most men diagnosed with prostate cancer do not die from it. – American Cancer Society

Below, you’ll understand the causes of prostate cancer, its risk factors, and what you can do to prevent the disease as much as possible.

Understanding Prostate Cancer

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland of the male reproductive system that produces the fluid responsible for nourishing and transporting sperms.

Prostate cancer

the prostate gland, showing how the prostate tumor develops

Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that affects the prostate gland. It’s known to be the most common, non-skin cancer in American men. It’s rare in other parts of the world, such as Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Research has proven that prostate cancer grows slowly and may not show any symptoms until it reaches an advanced stage. As a result, many men have the disease without knowing.

Prostate Cancer Causes

The exact cause of prostate cancer hasn’t been firmly established.

Doctors have observed that DNA changes in the prostate gland lead to prostate cancer. As a result, cells divide more rapidly than is usual. This results in the accumulation of the abnormal cells, which form a tumor that grows and expands to nearby tissues.

DNA (Desoxyribonucleic Acid) is the chemical name for the molecule that carries genetic instructions in all living things. Damage to DNA can activate regulatory genes or activate so-called tumor genes:

  • Oncogenes are parts of a cell’s genetic material that promote the transition from normal prostate cell growth behaviour to unrestrained tumour growth.
  • Tumor suppressor genes prevent the activation of oncogenes or have a regulatory influence on cell growth and differentiation. .

DNA mutations will therefore keep oncogenes on going and stifle tumor repressor genes. Consequently, cells grow out of control. 

The following established factors lead to causing prostate cancer:

  • Diet. Men who eat lots of red meat increase the probability of prostate cancer. This is because cooking meat at high temperatures breeds cancer-causing substances, which in turn affect the prostate.

    Men who consume a lot of calcium (whether through supplements or food) may have a higher risk of prostate cancer, even though calcium also has health benefits.

    Eating fats increases testosterone in the blood, which in turn accelerates prostate cancer growth.

  • Job hazards. Industrial workers such as welders, battery manufacturers and rubber workers have been known to be at risk of prostate cancer. This is due to being frequently exposed to cadmium and cadmium products.

  • Lack of exercise has been established to increase the risk of obtaining prostate cancer. Alongside this are factors such as high body mass index (or obesity), smoking and high calcium linoleic acid intake.
  • Sexually transmitted infections. STDs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea inflame the prostate and therefore increase the risk of prostate cancer. 

Prostate Cancer Risk Factors

A risk factor indicates that you have a raised chance of getting a disease like cancer. You can work on risk factors like smoking. Others, such as family history or age, can’t be altered.

It should be noted that a risk factor doesn’t mean you’ll get the disease.

Several factors have been researched and shown to affect the possibility of getting prostate cancer.

Risk Factor

Description

Gene changes

The following mutations seem to raise the risk of prostate cancer:

  • Men with Lynch Syndrome (also HNPPC – Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer) have an increased risk of prostate cancer (and other types of cancer).

     

  • Inherited mutations cause BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Both are linked with breast and ovarian cancer in some families and can heighten the risks of prostate cancer in men.

Age

The possibility of developing prostate cancer increases after the age of 50. 60% of men above the age of 65 have been found to have prostate cancer.

1 out of 6 men in the UK will get prostate cancer during their lives.

Family history

A history of prostate cancer has been found to run in some families as a result of genetic factors.

 A brother/father with prostate cancer doubles a man’s chance of getting the disease—the risk increases in men with several affected relatives.

You stand a high risk of getting prostate cancer if your mother/sister has had breast cancer.

Race

Men of African ancestry (African-Americans and Caribbean men) have been shown to develop prostate cancer more often than other races.

In the UK alone, 1 in every 4 men will live with prostate cancer in their lifetime.

The reason for these racial/ethnic differences isn’t apparent.

Geography

Prostate cancer has more patients in North America, Australia, Northwestern Europe, and the Caribbean islands. However, it has fewer victims in Africa, Asia, Central, and South America.

Obesity/Overweight

A BMI (Body Mass Index) of 25–30 means you’re overweight. A BMI beyond 30 means you’re obese.

A link has been found between being obese/overweight and the fast growth of cancer.

What Isn’t a Risk Factor?

Certain risk factors were once considered prostate cancer risk factors that are now known to have no connection with the disease:

  • Vasectomy
  • Your sexual activity
  •  Alcohol consumption

Prostate Cancer Prevention

You may be asking yourself, “can I reduce my risk of developing prostate cancer?”

There’s no surefire way to prevent prostate cancer, but a healthy diet is paramount. Physical activity will also help you regulate your weight and eventually aid in lowering your risk.

While you can’t alter your family history, age and ethnicity, you can control your weight and diet.

Maintain a Healthy Weight

To check your weight, measure your waist. Then, wrap a tape on your body, and measure from the middle of your hips to the bottom of your ribs.

If your size comes to 37 inches (94 cm) upwards, you’re probably overweight. As a result, you’re at risk of advanced prostate cancer. 

Maintain a Healthy Diet

A balanced diet gives all the nutrients and energy your body needs and minimizes the use of fatty and sugary foods. 

Eat Well guide balanced diet

The Eatwell Guide breaks down the amount of food you should eat from each group each day. The World Cancer Research Fund also has healthy eating tips and recipes

While no firm evidence exists of a single food that lowers prostate cancer, the following nutrients are known to be strong starting points:

  • Lycopene from tomato products.
  • Vitamin E from nuts, seeds, whole grains, green leafy vegetables and avocados.
  • Selenium from brazil nuts, liver, kidney and seafood.

The World Cancer Research Fund suggests less than 500 grams of cooked meat (up to 750 grams when raw) and avoiding processed meat. In addition, saturated fats and searing meat may increase your risk of prostate cancer and should be avoided. 

Physical Activity is Vital

Regular physical activity reduces the risk of health problems like type-2 diabetes, heart disease and some cancers. This can include 150 minutes of moderate exercises each week, done in 30 minutes every day, five days a week.

Speak to your doctor before starting on a new exercise, especially if you have conditions such as lung, heart and joint problems.  

You’re Not Alone

According to the American Cancer Society, a mere 1 in 41 men die of prostate cancer. That gives you more than a 90% chance of survival, should you have the disease.

At Miskaawan Integrated Cancer Center, we handle clients the Miskaawan way—we target the affected area without hurting the rest of the body.

Our knowledge and expertise in cancer treatment will help you start recovery. In addition, our prostate cancer experts are available to provide medical advice.

Contact us today for professional medical help.

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